The United Nations at 75: Catholic Perspectives

Oct 22, 2020
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Mary Ann GlendonHarvard Law School

Paolo CarozzaUniversity of Notre Dame

Joseph Cornelius DonnellyCaritas Internationalis

Archbishop Gabriele CacciaThe Permanent Observer Mission of the Holy See to the United Nations

Free and open to the public. This event is co-presented with America Media, the Kellogg Institute for International Studies, and the Permanent Observer Mission of the Holy See to the United Nations, and is co-sponsored by the Beatrice Institute, the Collegium Institute, the Harvard Catholic Forum, the Institute for Faith and Culture, the Institute for Human Ecology, the Nova Forum for Catholic Thought, and the St. Paul Catholic Center. This event will be held on Zoom (registration required) and live-streamed to YouTube.

Historically, the Bishop of Rome and the diplomats representing the Holy See have played important roles in international affairs involving Empires and Kingdoms, sometimes in making war, sometimes negotiating marriages and alliances, ideally in making peace. With the loss of the Papal States in 1870 and the creation of, first, the League of Nations, and later, the United Nations, the Holy See has continued to play an important—and sometimes contested—role. Of course, lay Catholics played an important role in founding the UN—as they did for the EU and in writing the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. This panel discussion explores the history of the Holy See’s relations with the United Nations, the role of lay Catholics and Church leaders in developing the human rights tradition, and the growing role of Catholic NGOs as they work alongside the UN for justice, peace, religious freedom, and integral human development around the world. Moderated by Paolo Carozza (Notre Dame), this panel features the participation of Archbishop Gabriele Caccia, Permanent Observer of the Holy See to the United Nations; Joseph Donnelly, Delegate of Caritas Internationalis to the UN; and Mary Ann Glendon, former US ambassador to the Holy See and expert in human rights.

Mary Ann Glendon is the Learned Hand Professor of Law, emerita, at Harvard Law School. She writes and teaches in the fields of human rights, comparative law, constitutional law, and political theory. Glendon served as U.S. Ambassador to the Holy See from 2008 to 2009. She also chaired the U.S. State Department Commission on Unalienable Rights (2019-2020) and served as a member of the Commission on International Religious Freedom (2012-2016), and the U.S. President's Council on Bioethics (2001-2004). She received the National Humanities Medal in 2006, and was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1991. In 1995, she was the Vatican representative to the international Beijing Conference on Women. She was President of the Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences from 2003 to 2013, and a member of the Board of Supervisors of the Institute of Religious Works (Vatican Bank) from 2013 to 2018. She is author of many articles and books, including The Forum and the Tower: How Scholars and Politicians Have Imagined the World, from Plato to Eleanor Roosevelt (2011) and has lectured widely across the United States and in Europe.

Paolo Carozza is the director of the Kellogg Institute for International Studies and professor of law and concurrent professor of political science at the University of Notre Dame. He holds an AB from Harvard University and a JD from Harvard Law School and was a postgraduate Ford Foundation Fellow in Public International Law at Harvard Law School. With expertise in comparative constitutional law, human rights, law and development, and international law, he focuses his research on Latin America, Western Europe, and international themes more broadly. Widely published, Carozza’s most recent books include Italian Constitutional Justice in Global Context (with Vittoria Barsotti, Marta Cartabia, and Andrea Simoncini) (Oxford University Press, 2016), Comparative Legal Traditions (with Mary Ann Glendon and Colin B. Picker) (4th ed., West Academic Publishing, 2014), and Regional Protection of Human Rights (with Dinah L. Shelton) (2nd ed., Oxford University Press, 2013). His numerous articles, published in four languages, have focused primarily on foundational principles of human rights law, such as human dignity, democracy, and subsidiarity.

Joseph Cornelius Donnelly is the Permanent Delegate to the United Nations for CARITAS Internationalis, a Rome-based global Catholic Confederation of 165 national member organizations serving in more than 200 countries & territories on seven continents. As Head of the Caritas Delegation to the UN New York headquarters, he is a primary advocate leading faith-based organization (FBO) & non-governmental organization (NGO) engagement with UN initiatives such as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), ensuring the UN's 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development takes into account a comprehensive, integral approach to human development for communities everywhere – including internally displaced people, migrants, refugees, and indigenous peoples. In this capacity, Joseph Donnelly was a member of the General Assembly President's MDG 2010 Task Force. He has served as Chairman of the NGO Working Group on the Security Council and has served on the Multi-Stakeholder Advisory Board of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), the Central Africa Policy Forum, UN's Interagency Task Force's Multi-Faith Advisory Council, the Ecumenical Strategic Partnership, and on the Steering Committee for the Catholic Peacebuilding Network. As a veteran of humanitarian and reconciliation efforts in the Middle East with Catholic Relief Services and both European and local diocesan offices, he has spearheaded rapprochement initiatives with governments across the Middle East region. He has continued this humanitarian and reconciling work, extending it to crises in Central/Latin America and Asia. He also mentors dozens of diplomacy students with Seton Hall University to strengthen the links between Catholic Social Teaching, diplomacy, and development. He received an honorary doctorate in humane letters from Misericordia University in 2017, and the Cor Jesu Award from Cabrini University in 2018.

Archbishop Gabriele Giordano Caccia is Permanent Observer of the Holy See to the United Nations in New York, and Titular Archbishop of Sepino. He recieved his Doctorate in Sacred Theology (STD) and Licentiate in Canon Law (JCL) from the Pontifical Gregorian University, and has since worked in the diplomatic service of the Holy See. His first assignment was at the Apostolic Nunciature in Tanzania, where he served for two years before returning to Rome to work in the First Section of the Secretariat of State of the Vatican, later appointed Assessor for General Affairs of the Secretariat of State. In 2009, Pope Benedict XVI named him Apostolic Nuncio in Lebanon and Titular Archbishop of Sepino. In 2017, Pope Francis appointed him Apostolic Nuncio to the Philippines, where he served until his appointment in December of 2019 to the Vatican's Permanent Observer Mission to the United Nations.